General



Geographical position

Croatia is situated on the cross roads between Central Europe and the Mediterranean,along the eastern coast of the Adriatic Sea and its hinterland. It stretches from the hilly sides of the Alps on the North-West to the Pannonian plain on the East.

Geography

Land area : 56.542 km2
Territorial sea area : 31.067 km2
Lenght of the coast, including islands : 5835 km2
Number of islands : 79 islands, 525 islets and 642 rocks ( in all : 1246, inhabited : 47, the biggest island : Cres - 405,7 km2 )
Major cities : Zagreb ( the capital - 780.000), Split (189.000), Rijeka (145.000), Osijek (115.000)

People

Population : 4,500.000
Number of inhabitants per km2 : 78,5
Official language and script : Croatian language and Latin script

Climate

Croatia has a mixture of climates. In the North it is continental, Mediterranean along the Coast and a semi-highland and highland climate in the central region.

Economy

Currency unit : 1 kuna ( 100 lipa ) - kn
Exchange rate : 1 $ ~ 5,6 kn
1 € ~ 7,3 kn

Natural resources : oil, bauxite, low-grade iron ore, calcium, natural asphalt, mica, clays, salt, hydropower

Government

Type : parliamentary democracy
Constitution : adopted December 22, 1990
Independence ( from Yugoslavia ) : June 25, 1991